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Eventually the upper part starts to subside and causes the whole middle part of the summit ridge to collapse, with the inactive fault as western edge. Normally clay compacted curves technique features and dynamic thermal field simulation Lets consider normally clay compacted curves technique more closely.

New formation pressure prediction technique is developed.

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The introduction ion microprobe u-pb dating of apatite the correct temperature adjustment to well logging methods while formation pressure calculation. Summary High technological and economic performance while drilling and deep wells max.

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This research is devoted to the development of the abnormally high formation pressure AHFP zones determining innovative technique on well logging data. The method is based on changes in dependences of clays physical properties in AHFP zones.

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Abnormal pressure predicting methods in the thickness of sedimentary rocks are based on the pattern of rocks properties changes as a result of compaction in the process of sediments accumulation. The author investigates the thermal field formation in the vicinity of the borehole. Dynamics of the thermal field during drilling, well cleanout and well shutdown halal speed ​​dating event studied.

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The author determines temperature factor effects on the accuracy of abnormal pressure on well logging data calculation. A modified normally clay compacted curves technique is developed. It involves the introduction of the correct temperature adjustment to electrologging curves before the line of normal clay compaction tracing.

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By this modified normally clay compacted curves technique, abnormal pressures and pressure coefficients of anomaly in sediments of Bazhenov formation Sredne-Nazymskoe and Galyanovskoe oil fields were calculated for the analyzed area. Topic: Applied geophysics, Earth physics Abnormal formation pressure estimation according to well logging data by taking into account dynamic thermal field Ivan Deshenenkov, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil ion microprobe u-pb dating of apatite Gas Introduction This research is devoted to the development of the abnormal high formation pressure AHFP zones determining ion microprobe u-pb dating of apatite technique on well logging data.

Emil Constantinescu Octavian G. Duliu Bucureti Cuprins 1 Introducere 2 Radioactivitatea natural i metode experimentale folosite n geocronologie 3 Metode geocronologice absolute I Radionuclizii terigeni 3 11 39 71 83 96 4 Metode geocronologice absolute II Dezechilibrul radioactiv 5 Metode geocronologice absolute III Radionuclizi cosmogeni 6 Metode geocronologice absolute IV Acumularea defectelor de iradiere Paleomagnetism, fracionarea izotopic 18O, ciclostratigrafie 1 Introducere Determinarea cu precizie a vrstelor formaiunilor geologie este de importan crucial n nelegerea proceselor desfurate n decursul timpului. Aceast aseriune este susinut de principiul uniformitii sau al uniformitarianismului, enunat pentru prima dat de geologul scoian James Hutton n sub titlul "uniformity in the order of nature", principiu conform cruia procesele geologice ce se desfoar la nivelul Terrei sunt aceleai de la formare planetei i pn n prezent, astfel nct studiul i descrierea evenimentelor petrecute n trecutul permite nelegerea proceselor actuale i reciproc.

It takes into account the nonsteady thermal field in the vicinity of the borehole. Normal pressure is formation pressure which is due to the presence of fluids water, hydrocarbons in pore spaces of the rock matrix hydrostatic pressure of fresh or salt water.

It can be considered as an open hydraulic system where pressure can easily communicate through the formation pores.

Abnormal pressure is any geopressure that is different from the established normal trend for the given area and depth. The presence of hydrocarbons in reservoirs, the rate of sedimentation, deposition and compaction of sediments especially clayey sediments as well as tectonic activities faults, salt diapirs, etc. AHFP represent a serious threat for the well and its staff maintenance while deep wells drilling and development. Erroneous identification of AHFP intervals, incorrect suppression of high-energy formation leads to washing fluid absorption and, consequently, to unexpected kicks and blow outs and severe accidents.

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Formation pressures can be the major factors affecting drilling operations. Unfortunately, formation pressures can be very difficult to locate and to quantify precisely where unusual or abnormal pressures exist.

Proper detection and evaluation of formation pore pressures will help in more effective overall well planning, including: safe and economical selection of casing interval; proper engineering of equipment to minimize potential hazards e.

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Thus, high technological and economic performance in drilling and deep wells development can be achieved in case of correct prediction and estimation of AHFP zones. Evaluation of formation pore pressure or formation pore gradient is fundamental and the basis for many engineering works. The theory of abnormal pressure prediction methods Undercompaction of shales leads to abnormal formation pressures.

If a quick sedimentation process does not give enough time for the interstitial water to escape, or, if the normal porosity compaction process is prohibited by not letting the fluids in the pore spaces escape, the rock matrix shales cannot increase its grain-to-grain contact; therefore its compaction is not completed and the shales are undercompacted.

In such pressure system fluids are not free to expel from the pores.

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The total overburden load continues to increase with sedimentation; the rock matrix can no longer carry its burden; the fluids in the pores of the rock begin to support part of the overburden, resulting in higher than normal fluid pressures [V. Dobrinin et al. According to these reasons abnormal pressure predicting methods in the thickness of sedimentary rocks are based on the pattern of rocks properties changes as a result of compaction in the process of sediments accumulation.